Vanessa A. Portugal is a scholar of the Image in the Italian Renaissance. She specializes in the alchemical and magical use of astrological images in the Early Modern Period in Europe and New Spain. Vanessa is a PhD candidate in Art History by the UNAM. In her dissertation entitled “Las imágenes astrológicas en la Nueva España,” she presents different uses of astrological images (meditative, political, medical, divinatory and magical) in New Spain from the 16th to the 18th century. She received a MA in Art history (Hons) by the UNAM with the research “El mago, el coche, el ermitaño y el colgado del tarot Visconti-Sforza,” where she argues that the triumphal cards of the early 16th century Italian tarot deck could have been based on representations of the sons of the Planets, and links their use to the neoplatonic ideas of the time. Vanessa has carried out research stays at the Warburg Institute in London (2011, 2014-2015), the Pierpont-Morgan Library and Museum in New York (2011), the Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscript Library in Yale University, New Haven (2011), and in the Kunsthistorisches Institute Max-Planck in Florence (2014). Her publications on triumphal arches in royal festivities from the 17th and the 18th century underline the cultural adoption and production of political emblems in New Spain.